Assessment and ARE

Assessment and Age Related Expectations (ARE)

How do we assess your child’s attainment level at Balfour Primary School?

At Balfour Primary School, pupils’ attainment and progress are tracked in Reading, Writing and Maths on a termly basis by teachers in both KS1 and KS2. Teachers use the Brighton and Hove expanded level descriptors to identify and record pupils' attainment. The level descriptors for all the year-groups can be accessed in the document entitled ‘Level Descriptors’, available on this website. Scroll through the document until you locate your child’s year-group and you will be able to read the expectations for that year’s attainment level in Maths, Writing and Reading.

A glossary of the terms used for the grammar/writing expectations has also been attached to this website, as some of the terminology may be unfamiliar. There is a document attached which has the glossary as a hyperlink and another which contains the document as a PDF document.

Attainment levels:

In Maths, Writing and Reading, your child will be assessed against the expectations for their age-group as set out in the Brighton and Hove expanded level descriptors. Teachers will then make a judgement as to whether your child is achieving at, below or above the expectations of that year-group.

In every year from Year 1 to Year 5 (with a few amendments in Year 6), the same terminology is used to describe the level of your child’s attainment, against the expectations of that age-group.

‘Below Year Group’

If a child cannot access any of the expected standards of that year’s level descriptors, they will be assessed as being below the level of that year-group and teachers will therefore plan work for that child to achieve the objectives of a more appropriate year-group for that child’s level of attainment.


The child is not yet achieving the expected standard for that year-group, but is still able to access some of the expectations of that year-group.

‘Met –‘

The child is achieving some of the standards for that year-group, but has not yet achieved enough of them to be considered at age-related expectation.


The child is consistently achieving the standards expected for their age-group.

‘Met +’

The child is achieving standards which are just above the expected level for their age-group.


The child is achieving standards of work which are well above the expected levels of attainment for that age-group.

Assessment levels at the start of a new year

In every year from Year 1 to Year 6, all children start the year at ‘Emerging’ level. This is because each year comes with a completely new set of expectations and teaching coverage, so no matter what a child ended a previous year at, it would be impossible to start the next year at the same level (for example, a child who achieved Met+, ie: above age-related expectations, will still start the next year at ‘Emerging’, as will all other children in the class). The exception to this rule would be children who ended the year being assessed as below the age-expectation of that year. Those children would retain the same level and be assessed against progress made from that point onwards.


Glossary of grammatical terms hyperlink

You may find it useful to look directly at the website which contains the glossary of grammatical terms, because it contains hyperlinks (in blue) to access further descriptions of the terms.

The glossary can be accessed by clicking this link: